Institutional evolutions for aquatic food production along "No Land" and "No Trade" triggered tipping points

Research Field IV | Social Science Analysis

Map of the Republic of the Philippines. Province of Bulacan on the main island of Luzon.

Three billion people rely on fisheries as the main protein source, and about half of fisheries production comes from aquaculture. What institutional changes underlie the notable growth of the aquaculture sector and how may these institutions shift under "No Land" and "No Trade" scenarios? We focus on the Philippines as a case study and explore trade links with Germany in this globalised market to unpack the institutions-aquaculture-food security nexus.  

The fisheries sector plays an important role in achieving food security for the present and the future. At the global scale, consumption of fish protein is shifting from capture fisheries to aquaculture. This study is designed to build understanding of institutional changes underlying the marine and aquatic food sector, and to draw on this understanding for foresight under "No Land" and "No Trade" scenarios. It is important to understand processes of institutional change because institutions are recognised as levers for sustainability. To better prepare for "No Land" and "No Trade" scenarios, we will need to know how institutions have evolved, and the processes of change that they are likely to undergo. As an analogue for "No Land" , we empirically investigate institutional change in an area that has experienced a shift from a dominance of capture fisheries to intensified aquaculture. The focus is on the province of Bulacan in the Philippines. The results are expected to contribute to a better understanding of the complexity of fisheries-related institutions particularly in a Global South setting where much of the world‘s aquatic food imports are sourced. For the "No Trade", we will draw on literature and secondary data to investigate the potential ways that institutions in Germany might evolve to support sufficient aquatic food production.

Text: A.-K. Hornidge, A. Schlüter, A. Manlosa, ZMT

Mariculture in the Philippines.

Foto: A. Schlüter, ZMT
Foto: Chr. Hasselrück, ZMT

Fisheries and Aquaculture in Bulacan, Philippines

The video was produced from photos and videos during field work from November 2019 to March 2020 of the food4future social science research at ZMT focusing on Institutional evolution for aquatic food production along “no land” and “no trade” triggered tipping points. The aim is to understand institutions related to aquatic food systems and examine how they changed in a coastal social-ecological system in Bulacan, Philippines, where capture fisheries were traditionally the main source of aquatic food and where aquaculture eventually became an established sector.

The narrative is based on data from in-depth interviews. The video provides background information on the study area and discusses key sustainability challenges.

Contact
Leibniz Centre for Tropical Marine Research (ZMT) GmbH
AG Development and Sociology of Knowledge,
AG Institutions and Behavioural Economics
Fahrenheitstraße 6
28359 Bremen
Germany

Website
www.leibniz-zmt.de

Project duration
March 2019 - September 2021

Interaction with f4f and other partners
HUB, IGZ, IRI THESys, ZMT

Platzhalter Portraitfoto

Prof. Dr. Anna-Katharina Hornidge

PI
Portrait of Prof. Dr. Achim Schlüter

Prof. Dr. Achim Schlüter

PI

achim.schlueter@leibniz-zmt.de
T +49 (0) 421 23800 - 104

Prof. Dr. Achim Schlüter is head of the research group "Institutional and Behavioural Economics" at the Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine Research (ZMT). He is also Professor of Social Systems and Ecological Economic and Business & Economics at Jacobs University in Bremen. His research focuses on institutional economics, ecological economics and experimental economics.

Portrait Aisa O. Manlosa

Dr. Aisa O. Manlosa

Scientist

aisa.manlosa@leibniz-zmt.de
T +49 (0) 421 23 800 - 139

Dr. Aisa O. Manlosa is a scientist in the research group "Institutional and Behavioral Economics" at the Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine Research (ZMT).

Manlosa, A.O., Hornidge, AK. & Schlüter, A. Institutions and institutional changes: aquatic food production in Central Luzon, Philippines. Reg Environ Change 21, 127 (2021). doi: 10.1007/s10113-021-01853-4

Manlosa, A.O., Hornidge, AK. & Schlüter, A. Aquaculture-capture fisheries nexus under Covid-19: impacts, diversity, and social-ecological resilience. Maritime Studies (2021).
doi:10.1007/s40152-021-00213-6